Polycystic ovary syndrome and other conditions that commonly cause acne  |  Photo Credit: Getty Images
- Acne is commonly caused due to various factors like pollution and hormonal imbalances
- Acne is also a symptom of some underlying health conditions and diseases
- This article talks about medical conditions that commonly cause acne
New Delhi: Acne is a very common skin condition. While a little zit once or twice a week, or when you are about to begin your period is common, acne refers to prolonged pimples, bumps and blackheads on your skin. While skin problems like acne are often associated with females, they are also common in adolescent boys and some men. While pimples or acne are not so problematic physically, they may be painful if they are cystic or pus-filled. They may also become a cause of low self-esteem and confidence in teenage children, and children may also get bullied for the condition.
While there are some common causes of acne like age, hormonal imbalances, pollution, hygiene, etc., acne can also be a common symptom of certain diseases. If your child suffers from the condition for a long time, and if the acne is painful and cystic, you should visit a doctor and let her find out the underlying cause of the condition. Some conditions that commonly cause acne are –
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a hormonal condition that causes enlarged ovaries in women, and small cysts may be formed on the outer edges of the ovaries. Since PCOS is caused due to hormonal disturbances, one common symptom of PCOS is acne, which is a result of the hormonal disturbances.
PCOS causes your pituitary gland to produce more testosterone, which can prevent ovulation and cause acne, among other symptoms.
Stress has increased manifold in modern life. While it is not technically a medical condition, it does increase your risk of various medical conditions like obesity and diabetes. Being stressed can also cause abrupt and unexplained breakouts on your skin. Research has established a link between stress hormones, and hormones responsible for acne. Increased stress can cause an imbalance in hormones, which can lead to acne.
Stress can also cause laziness, inactivity, and stress eating of unhealthy, junk food. These factors, especially consumption of unhealthy food, can also increase your risk of breakouts.
Acne is not just pimples on your face, though they are what we mostly refer to when we use the term. Acne can be pimples anywhere with some of the most common spots being the back, face and scalp.
A condition of the scalp, called dandruff, caused due to dry scalp, can cause small pimples on it. Dandruff is a common condition and can be caused due to climate, medications, and diet, among other factors. Dandruff can bring with it scalp acne, because of the dry conditions of the scalp. Using a dandruff control shampoo can help treat both the problems.
Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a professional healthcare provider if you have any specific questions about any medical matter.